Catalyzing Community-led Projects on Managed Retreat
The Climigration Network hosted the “Catalyzing Community-led Projects on Managed Retreat” webinar on June 4, 2019. The webinar featured the five 2018 Climigration Awardees highlighting the work accomplished with their 2018 funding, sharing lessons learned, and outlining their next steps and vision for their work moving forward. (More information on the 2018 Climigration Awardees is below the video.)
Speakers (in order of presentations):
Harriet Festing, Anthropocene Alliance
David Kaye, C.J. Lewis, Cameron Wake, and Kristina Peterson, UNH PowerPlay
Victoria Herrmann, The Arctic Institute, in coordination with The Lowlander Center
Jay Diener and Kirsten Howard, Seabrook-Hamptons Estuary Alliance
Robin Bronen, The Alaska Institute for Justice
The Climigration Network, with support from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, awarded $7,500 in 2018 to five organizations to facilitate peer-to-peer learning and fund innovative community-led approaches to the challenge of managed retreat. While every relocation is unique to its people, culture, and needs, we believe as communities seriously consider managed retreat, or undertake it, they can learn from the successes and obstacles of others.
The five winners are situated across the United States, and work across a range of fields, including human rights, applied theater, community advocacy, grassroots organizing, and citizen science. Their approaches are creative, instructive, and uniquely influenced by their local context. Each project focused on using the award to complete one or two small but pivotal steps in a larger vision, positioning them for further support and engagement.(Read more here.)
The 2018 Climigration Awardees:
The Alaska Institute for Justice - Alaska Native communities working together to develop community-led relocation guidelines to protect their human rights.
The Anthropocene Alliance - Resident leaders in seven flood-prone, marginalized communities in TX, FL, LA, NY, CT, and VA are exploring ways to discuss managed retreat with their neighbors.
The Lowlander Center - Building the space for a dialogue between Bayou-Lowlands “sending communities” and inland-high ground “receiving communities” in Louisiana.
The Seabrook-Hamptons Estuary Alliance - Convening a community-wide conversation about managed retreat in the Town of Hampton, New Hampshire.
UNH PowerPlay - Scientists, experts in technical assistance and outreach, and professional actors developing an interactive applied theater workshop to help improve communication and understanding with communities facing managed retreat.
Challenges and Opportunities for Regional Adaptation: Resettling and Receiving Communities
June 6, 2018 Webinar with LA SAFE
When communities plan to retreat from disappearing coastal lands and high flood risk areas, their conversations range far beyond climate risk and disaster recovery. They want to talk about the challenges and opportunities in the places where they might be relocating.
This webinar discusses Louisiana-based trends around climate-induced migration, and establishing equitable long-term adaptation strategies, including retreat.
Liz Williams Russell and Mathew Sanders from LA SAFE, a partnership between the Foundation for Louisiana and the Louisiana Office of Community Development, will discuss their work with coastal parishes in 2017. The speakers will discuss how the LA SAFE initiative developed local leadership, engaged partners, and built trust by engaging existing needs, local experience and technical information.
- Louisiana's ongoing coastal and risk reduction master plans, including adaptation funding from the National Disaster Resilience Competition (over $90 million)
- Complexity of relocating displaced or retreating populations due to the lack of available land
- Median income's correlation with increased flood risk — and ensuing equity concerns
- Reciprocal issues of retreat: stress on public resources with influx of migrant populations
- Difficulties of dealing with coastal industries (oil, gas, fishing) that can't necessarily be moved, as they play a sustaining role in the economy
Questions from webinar participants
- What do you think the proportion will be of spontaneous out-migration vs. planned/government-funded resettlement?
- How much training did the local facilitators get? What’s worked well? What have been the challenges, if any?
- Can you speak about any pushback from local elected officials? Did you separately engage them or in the public meetings?
- What has worked best for the Isle de Jean Charles resettlement program and what do you wish you'd done differently?
- Does Louisiana have enabling legislation that allows for the transfer of development rights within or between communities?
- Can you describe the relationship between LA SAFE and the reps for the economy-sustaining industries along the coast, whose sites need to be maintained?
Liz Williams Russell
Liz directs the activities of the Foundation for Louisiana’s Coastal Resilience Leverage Fund, managing coastal grant-making areas with community-based advisors, allies and relevant partners. The Fund acknowledges and reinforces the work done by resident leaders and community-based organizations, working to provide opportunities for those most impacted by environmental risks to be key decision makers in how to address them.
Mathew Sanders, AIACP
Mathew is the Resilience Program and Policy Administrator for the State of Louisiana’s Office of Community Development (OCD). He was the state’s project team lead for the NDRC application and currently leads the development of the two awarded projects: LA SAFE, and a $48.3 million award to resettle the Isle de Jean Charles community in Terrebonne Parish.
Funding & Financing Coastal Retreat Series
CBI has concluded a series of conversations about funding and financing managed coastal retreat with a network of experienced and passionate individuals from across the United States who are thinking about and working on these issues.
Part 1: NFIP Funding and Federal Flood Mitigation - Sept. 8, 12 – 1 pm ET
Part 2: Creative Financing - Oct. 25, 12 – 1 pm ET
Part 3: Private Financing - Dec. 1, 12 – 1 pm ET
Below you'll find recordings, resources, and citations from all three webinars.
PART 3: Creative Financing Examples - New Tools & Techniques
Friday, December 1st; 12:00 - 1:00 pm ET
This session continues our exploration of cutting-edge, creative financing options with participants Shannon Cunniff and Jesse M. Keenan.
Shannon Cunniff is the director of coastal resilience for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF). Shannon leads EDF’s development of strategies and tactics for reducing adverse effects of flood disasters while improving environmental outcomes. Her work builds on 27 years working in the federal government at the intersection of water resources engineering, risk management, and environmental policy. Currently she is working on strategies to enhance community capacity for multi-objective planning and implementation by expanding financing and increasing rewards for communities that pursue flooding resilience projects that include protection and restoration of natural infrastructure.
Shannon conducts research and develops strategic plans and tactics for EDF’s coastal resilience program, organizes and runs workshops and trainings on coastal community climate adaptation solutions, and provides advice on working with federal agencies to resolve issues and secure action. Prior to EDF, Shannon worked at the U.S. Department of Defense as the executive director for Chemical and Material Risk Management, where she guided development and implementation of the Department’s Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan. Shannon was also the deputy director of the Interagency Floodplain Management Review Committee, formed by the White House in the wake of the 1993 Midwest floods, to address national policy and program implementation issues related to flooding and flood risk management.
Jesse M. Keenan is a member of the faculty of the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University where he serves as Area Head and Director of Real Estate and the Built Environment. Keenan’s principle research focus is on climate change and the built environment, including aspects of design, engineering, and financing. Keenan has previously advised on matters concerning the built environment for agencies of the U.S. Government, Fortune 500 Companies, community enterprises and international NGOs. In conjunction with the federal government, Keenan serves as the Chair of the U.S. Community Resilience Panel for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems, as Review Editor of the Built Environment and Transportation chapters of the 4th National Climate Assessment, and as Editorial Co-Lead for the Built Environment at the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit at climate.gov.
Keenan’s research in the built environment has partnered with a variety of global actors, including the AIA, Audi, Carnegie Corporation, Goldman Sachs, Google, Hulic Co., Ltd., ICC, MoMA, Mori Foundation, Lennar Foundation, NASA, Open Society Foundation, Regional Plan Association, Rockefeller Foundation, the State of California and the U.N. Keenan is the author of NYC 2040: Housing the Next One Million New Yorkers (Columbia University Press) and co- editor of Blue Dunes: Climate Change by Design (Columbia University Press) and Climate Change Adaptation in North America: Experiences, Case Studies and Best Practices (Springer). Keenan holds degrees in the law (J.D., LL.M.) and science of the built environment (M.Sc.), including a Ph.D. in applied climate science and the built environment from Delft University of Technology.
Resources and Citations:
Funding & Financing Coastal Retreat Webinar Series
PART 2: creative financing
Wednesday, October 25; 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm ET
This webinar discusses the potential application of different "creative" mechanisms within public and private finance to managed retreat from climate change. This includes considering expansion into financing options that do not involve federally-allocated funding. The conversation features Katie Grace Deane and Jenna DeAngelo of the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, and Mark Skidmore of Michigan State University, along with Bennett Brooks and Osamu Kumasaka of CBI.
Watch the complete webinar below.
Resources and Citations:
- Natural Disaster Preparedness and Recovery: Issues and Policy Options. Mark Skidmore (2013). [PDF below]
- Myopic Voters and Natural Disaster Policy. Healy and Molhotra (2009). [PDF below]
- Mortgage Contingent Loans:
- Innovative idea of applying asset-backed loans to coastal retreat (pp. 13-16)
Katie Grace’s presentation:
Katie Grace's citations:
- Green Bonds:
- $ 94bn issued worldwide so far in 2017: https://www.climatebonds.net/
- Catastrophe Bonds “rebate option”:
- Conservation Mitigation Credits
- Allow developers to meet environmental offset requirements by purchasing credits elsewhere: https://ecosystempartners.com
- Pay for Success/Social Impact Bonds/Strategic Procurement
- DC Water Environmental Impact Bond: https://www.epa.gov/waterfinancecenter/dc-waters-environmental-impact-bond
- HIP Investor and USDN
- Financing Sustainable Cities Scan and Toolkit: https://www.usdn.org/public/page/32/Government-Operations#FinancingToolkit
- Massachusetts Green Bonds
- Fargo, ND Sales Tax Increase:
- City of Fargo Sales Tax
- "Fargo voters overwhelmingly approve half-cent sales tax for flood control", Grand Forks Herald, July 1 2009.
- "In Fargo, no panic this time as Red River rises", Los Angeles Times, March 21 2010.
- San Francisco Bay Parcel Tax:
- Parcel Tax Information
- "San Francisco Bay Restoration Measure Clears Two-Thirds Hurdle", KQED, JUNE 8 2016.
- Shrinking "Smart" Urban Redevelopment in Youngstown, OH. Rhodes & Russo (2013). [PDF below]
Funding & Financing Coastal Retreat Webinar Series
PART 1: FEDERAL AND STATE PROGRAMS
Friday, Sept 8; 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm ET
This webinar will focus on the National Flood Insurance Program and the various issues and likely debate related to its re-authorization, which is anticipated in 2018. John A. Miller, a leading advocate for the reauthorization of the National Flood Insurance Program, will present the webinar and share insights from his work with Senator Bob Menendez's office and the Office of Management and Budget in Washington over the past year.
Watch the entire webinar below.
Equity and Climigration
July 10, 2017
This webinar focused on recent reporting about the effects of climate change on public housing, and how elements like socioeconomics, race, and property ownership/renting status affect displacement. No recording available.
Drivers and Barriers to Managed Retreat
May 24, 2017
This webinar featured guest speaker Miyuki Hino, a Stanford doctoral candidate who has published the findings of her research examining the drivers, barriers, and outcomes of 27 different instances of managed retreat from around the world. Hino constructs a birds-eye view conceptual model, meant as a foundation for understanding case-specific complexities.